To answer this question correctly, students must determine that Document A is from 1947 and that Document B is from 1931. Students must also contextualize the documents by drawing on relevant historical knowledge, such as:
- The sweeping Republican victory in Spain’s 1931 elections ended the Restoration (Spain’s return to monarchal rule from 1874 to 1931) and established the Second Spanish Republic, a constitutional democracy (1931-1939).
- The Nationalist victory over the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War marked the beginning of the dictatorship of Francisco Franco (1936-1975).
In proficient responses, students will:
- Select the correct year for each document.
- Explain that Document A is from 1947 because Spain was governed by a dictatorship following the end of the Spanish Civil War.
- And explain that Document B is from 1931 because Spain was a democratic republic following the abolition of the monarchy that year.
In proficient responses, students might incorporate other specific historical information, like the fact that Spain had established the short-lived First Spanish Republic in the 19th century; that the Republican government enacted leftist social and economic reforms like those mentioned in Document B; that the Spanish Civil War was fought between the Republicans and Nationalists; that Francisco Franco was the dictator of Spain from the end of the Spanish Civil War until his death in 1975; or that Franco reestablished the Spanish monarchy.
Student selects the correct year for each document but only provides a partially correct explanation. For example, the student may correctly contextualize one document but not both or may provide partially incorrect reasoning about both.
Student misidentifies the year for each document or correctly identifies the years but provides mostly or entirely incorrect explanations for both documents.